Terms of Use

These Terms of Use are a contract between you and the Public Library of Science (“littlewintermarket”). littlewintermarket operates and other websites (“littlewintermarket Sites”) through which it strives to make the world’s scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource. By using the littlewintermarket Sites and any services accessible from the littlewintermarket Sites  you agree to be bound by the following terms and conditions (“Terms of Use”). If you do not agree to these Terms of Use, do not visit or use the littlewintermarket Sites.


Articles and accompanying materials published by littlewintermarket on the littlewintermarket  Sites, unless otherwise indicated, are licensed by the respective authors of such articles for use and distribution by you subject to citation of the original source in accordance.


The copyright in the material contained on the littlewintermarket Sites belongs to littlewintermarket or its licensors. The trademarks and other elements appearing on the littlewintermarket  Sites are protected by California, US, and international copyright, trade dress, patent, and trademark laws, international conventions and other relevant and applicable laws.


Unless otherwise indicated, the littlewintermarket Sites are the property of littlewintermarket. You acknowledge and agree that the littlewintermarket Sites, and any necessary software used in connection with the littlewintermarket Sites, may contain proprietary and confidential information that is protected by applicable laws governing intellectual property, proprietary rights and the like. All littlewintermarket Sites code and specifications are subject to their stated or implied licenses.


You confirm that you have read and accept our Privacy Policy.


littlewintermarket reserves the right to limit, suspend or terminate your access and use of the littlewintermarket Sites at any time without notice.


By submitting articles for publication or other content for posting on the littlewintermarket sites, you agree to (i) comply with these Terms of Use, (ii) have the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license applied to material you submit, and (iii) provide any information required by littlewintermarket during or as part of the submission process. You are responsible for all content that you submit for posting or publication on the littlewintermarket Sites.


As a condition to your use of the littlewintermarket Sites, you agree not to:

  • Upload, post, email, transmit or otherwise make available any information, materials or other content that is illegal, harmful, threatening, abusive, harassing, defamatory, obscene, pornographic or offensive; or that infringes another’s rights, including any intellectual property rights

  • Impersonate any person or entity or falsely state or otherwise misrepresent your affiliation with a person or entity; or obtain, collect, store or modify personal information about other users

  • Upload, post, email, transmit or otherwise make available any unsolicited or unauthorized advertising, promotional materials, “junk mail,” “spam,” “chain letters,” “pyramid schemes” or any other form of solicitation

  • Modify, adapt or hack the littlewintermarket Sites or falsely imply that some other site is associated with the littlewintermarket Sites or littlewintermarket


You acknowledge that littlewintermarker has no obligation to pre-screen or monitor your access to or use of the littlewintermarker Sites or littlewintermarker API or any information, materials or other content provided or made available through the littlewintermarker Sites or littlewintermarker API, but has the right to do so. You hereby agree that littlewintermarker may, in the exercise of littlewintermarker’ sole discretion, remove or delete any entries, information, materials or other content that violates these Terms of Use or that is otherwise objectionable.


Littlewintermarket reserves the right to modify or discontinue, temporarily or permanently, the littlewintermarket Sites (or any part thereof) with or without notice at any time. You agree that littlewintermarket shall not be liable to you or to any third party for any modification, suspension or discontinuance of the littlewintermarket Sites. littlewintermarket reserves the right to change these Terms of Use by posting changes on this page of the littlewintermarket  Sites. By using the littlewintermarket Sites, you agree to be bound by any such revisions and should therefore periodically visit this page to determine the then-current Terms of Use to which you are bound.


The littlewintermarket Sites may provide links to other web sites or resources. You acknowledge and agree that littlewintermarket  is not responsible for the availability of such external sites or resources, and that littlewintermarket  does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products or other materials on or available from such sites or resources. Your business dealings with any third-parties through the littlewintermarket Sites, including payment and delivery of related goods or services, and any other terms, conditions, warranties or representations associated with such dealings, are solely between you and such third party. You further acknowledge and agree that littlewintermarket shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such site or resource.


Recognizing the global nature of the Internet, you agree to comply with all local rules regarding online conduct. Specifically, you agree to comply with all applicable laws regarding the transmission of technical data exported from the United States or the country in which you reside.


These Terms of Use constitute the entire agreement between you and littlewintermarket and govern your use of the littlewintermarket Sites, superseding any prior agreements between you and littlewintermarket (including, but not limited to, any prior versions of the Terms of Use) and any prior representations by littlewintermarket. These Terms of Use shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, without regard to conflicts of law principles. The failure of littlewintermarket to exercise or enforce any right or provision of the Terms of Use shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If any provision of the Terms of Use is found by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, the parties nevertheless agree that the court should endeavor to give effect to the parties’ intentions as reflected in the provision, and the other provisions of the Terms of Use remain in full force and effect. You agree that regardless of any statute or law to the contrary, any claim or cause of action brought against littlewintermarket and its subsidiaries, affiliates, officers, agents, co-branders or other partners and employees, arising out of or related to use of the littlewintermarket Sites or the Terms of Use must be filed within one (1) year after such claim or cause of action arose or be forever barred. The section titles in the Terms of Use are for convenience only and have no legal or contractual effect.